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水库防洪调度洪水预报系统

分类(lei):
防汛减灾
2018/11/30
浏(liu)览量
【摘要】:
水库防洪 (flood control with reservoir ) 利用水库防洪库容调蓄洪水以减免下游洪灾损失的措施。水库防洪一般用于拦蓄洪峰或错峰,常与堤防、分洪工程、防洪非工程措施等配合组成防洪系统,通过统一的防洪调度共同承担其下游的防洪任务。用于防洪的水库一般可分为单纯的防洪水库及承担防洪任务的综合利用水库,也可分为溢洪设备无闸控制的滞洪水库及有闸控制的蓄洪水库。

一、系统简介

  水库(ku)防(fang)洪(hong)(hong)(hong)(hong) (flood control with reservoir ) 利(li)(li)用(yong)水库(ku)防(fang)洪(hong)(hong)(hong)(hong)库(ku)容调蓄洪(hong)(hong)(hong)(hong)水以减免下(xia)游洪(hong)(hong)(hong)(hong)灾(zai)损失的(de)(de)(de)措(cuo)施(shi)。水库(ku)防(fang)洪(hong)(hong)(hong)(hong)一般用(yong)于拦蓄洪(hong)(hong)(hong)(hong)峰或(huo)错峰,常(chang)与堤防(fang)、分洪(hong)(hong)(hong)(hong)工(gong)程、防(fang)洪(hong)(hong)(hong)(hong)非(fei)工(gong)程措(cuo)施(shi)等配(pei)合组成(cheng)防(fang)洪(hong)(hong)(hong)(hong)系(xi)统,通过统一的(de)(de)(de)防(fang)洪(hong)(hong)(hong)(hong)调度共同承(cheng)担其下(xia)游的(de)(de)(de)防(fang)洪(hong)(hong)(hong)(hong)任务(wu)(wu)。用(yong)于防(fang)洪(hong)(hong)(hong)(hong)的(de)(de)(de)水库(ku)一般可(ke)分为单(dan)纯(chun)的(de)(de)(de)防(fang)洪(hong)(hong)(hong)(hong)水库(ku)及(ji)承(cheng)担防(fang)洪(hong)(hong)(hong)(hong)任务(wu)(wu)的(de)(de)(de)综合利(li)(li)用(yong)水库(ku),也可(ke)分为溢(yi)洪(hong)(hong)(hong)(hong)设备无闸(zha)控制的(de)(de)(de)滞洪(hong)(hong)(hong)(hong)水库(ku)及(ji)有闸(zha)控制的(de)(de)(de)蓄洪(hong)(hong)(hong)(hong)水库(ku)。

  水(shui)库洪(hong)(hong)(hong)(hong)水(shui)预(yu)(yu)报及防洪(hong)(hong)(hong)(hong)调度系统(tong)是和水(shui)库流(liu)(liu)(liu)域(yu)雨(yu)情自动测(ce)报系统(tong)及水(shui)库大坝安(an)全监测(ce)系统(tong)配合使用,建(jian)立起适应流(liu)(liu)(liu)域(yu)当(dang)地自然(ran)特征和产汇流(liu)(liu)(liu)规律的(de)洪(hong)(hong)(hong)(hong)水(shui)预(yu)(yu)报和洪(hong)(hong)(hong)(hong)水(shui)调度模型,通过对实时(shi)(shi)接收的(de)雨(yu)量数据和库水(shui)位信息的(de)计算处理来实现(xian)对洪(hong)(hong)(hong)(hong)水(shui)的(de)实时(shi)(shi)预(yu)(yu)报并给出防洪(hong)(hong)(hong)(hong)调度方案(an),以图形,数据表格等各种人性化方式显示(shi)在微机界(jie)面上的(de)统(tong)一信息平台。

二、系统组成

  1、全网内部语音(yin)通信系统(tong)

  系统包含内部电(dian)(dian)话(hua)系统、无(wu)线(xian)接入方(fang)式调(diao)度系统(无(wu)线(xian)集(ji)群对讲(jiang)机、短波电(dian)(dian)台、卫(wei)星(xing)电(dian)(dian)话(hua)等无(wu)线(xian)终(zhong)端)、短信/传真系统、录(lu)音(yin)系统。

  2、视(shi)频调度系统(tong)

  视(shi)频(pin)调度(du)(du)系统(tong)是一(yi)套基(ji)于(yu)IP网(wang)络,集视(shi)频(pin)指挥调度(du)(du)、视(shi)频(pin)会议(yi)、图片(pian)分发等功(gong)能于(yu)一(yi)体的综(zong)合视(shi)频(pin)调度(du)(du)系统(tong)。

  3、应急机(ji)动救援调(diao)度(du)系统

  系统(tong)包含紧急(ji)电话会(hui)议系统(tong)、应急(ji)预案(an)系统(tong)、移动(dong)视频回传系统(tong)。

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水(shui)(shui)库防洪(hong)调度(du)洪(hong)水(shui)(shui)预报系统